History: The following topics are taught: Definition and importance of history and its place among other sciences, the importance of Central Asia in the formation of civilizations and the role of the Turks, the civilization formed in Central Asia spreading around as Chinese, Indian, Egyptian and Anatolian civilizations; the formation of the Mediterranean Civilization, the relationship between the Aegean and Roman civilizations and the eastern civilizations; the political and cultural development of Turks in Central Asia; the History of Islam and its influence on the civilization of the world, the contributions made by the Turks to Islam; Europe, the church and the feudal system during the medieval ages; Turkish History starting with Turks coming to Anatolia in the XI th century; the Ottoman Empire - its development, culture and civilization; the History of Europe - discoveries, Renaissance and reforms; the Ottoman Empire from the 17th o the 20h century.
Geography: The topics included in the General Geography are: General concepts in geography and in this context scales and calculations on maps, the formation of the sphere, geological ages and their characteristics, internal and external forces and resulting formations, population. In Regional Geography the topics are: The land formations, climate, plants, population and economy, agriculture, animal breeding, industry and tourism in the seven geographical regions of Turkey.
Religion and Morals: The aim is to make students comprehend the relationship between God and the human being. Topics include: the concept of religion, other religions and their characteristics, primitive religions and holy religions, Christianity, Jewry and Islam., religion and morals, our duties towards the state, cleanliness, righteousness and squandering. The course also aims to strengthen the ties of love, respect and friendship with an emphasis on morals in Islam, national unity, unification of state and nation, customs and traditions, working and being productive. Further topics include: Islam and the universe, the characteristics of Islam that make it universal, Turkish Islamic culture and civilization, Atatürk and our religion, moral duties, justice, morals and religion topics.
Military Science: The course aims to educate the Turkish youth with the vision and principles of Atatürk, to establish the consciousness of national security and to strengthen it in a way suitable for the total defense of the country; to introduce the Turkish Armed Forces and emphasize that they serve the country as a whole; to give an idea on Turkey’s place in the recent developments in the world.
History of the Turkish Republic: Political, institutional and cultural development of the Ottoman Empire at the beginning of the XX. century. Tripoli and Balkan Wars, Europeans aiming at the Ottoman Empire. Evaluation of the I. World War from the perspectives of Europe-World and the Ottoman Empire. The evaluation of the effects of the I.World War on the Ottoman Empire and the relationship with The War of Independence. The War of Independence and Atatürk, and his characteristics. The universal, humanistic properties and the dynamism of Atatürk's ideas.
Introduction to Social Sciences (Understanding the Concepts): A core course that will be taught one hour per week in the 9th grade, starting with the 2004/2005 academic year. This course aims to develop the students' thinking, understanding, and language skills through reading, lectures, questions, interpretation and presentations, thus helping them to become independent-thinking and creative individuals suitable to the modern ages. The departing point will be philosophical articles, anecdotes, model events, letters, myths, etc. The teaching method will require the students to establish connections between their own experiences and what they learn in class/the texts they read, to question the world with a critical mind, to realize the relationship between thought, language and the world, and improve their verbal and written power of expression.
Philosophy: Cognitive skills such as reading awareness, questioning, critical thinking systems are taught by reading and discussing texts from various philosophy books. The development of philosophical thinking is explained beginning with the thoughts before philosophy and proceeding with the early ages, Greek, Roman, Middle Age Occidental and Islamic Philosophy, Renaissance, New Age and modern period philosophies. Both past and present events are examined through a historical and problem solving perspective. Students are asked to write essays in which they interpret and comment on a given subject or text.